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У статті досліджено роль держави як основного суб’єкта забезпечення природно-техногенної безпеки; проаналізовано основні концепції забезпечення безпеки та запропоновано шляхи вдосконалення цього процесу.

Ключові слова: державне регулювання, надзвичайні ситуації, природна й техногенна безпека.

В статье исследована роль государства как основного субъекта обеспечения природнотехногенной безопасности; проанализированы основные концепции обеспечения безопасности и предложены пути совершенствования данного процесса.

Ключевые слова: государственное регулирование, чрезвычайные ситуации, природная и техногенная безопасность.

The current level of scientific understanding of society and the awareness of individuals of the dangers associated with negative dynamics of emergency situations of natural, technological and social nature, does not correspond to their real importance for the security of the individual, society, country, humanity. This leads to delay an adequate reaction of the state and society, the global community on emerging threats, growth in this regard, all kinds of damage and, as a result of the crisis of socioeconomic systems, the degradation of the natural environment threatens the sustainable development of individual countries and of humanity as a whole.

Also, a mismatch between the existing social organization of society, which is constantly changing range of hazards and threats. It is therefore necessary scientific understanding of the role of the state as the principal actor in the provision of natural-technogenic safety, and man’s place in the modern world, the whole range of hazards and threats to sustainable human development, substantiation of directions of improvement of the social organization of society, bringing it in line with new realities, in particular, environmental degradation and global climate change, economic globalization, taking into account their often unpredictable consequences in the elaboration of rational management of the impacts of sustainable development.

The purpose of this article is to explore the role of the state as the principal actor in the provision of natural-technogenic safety and providing suggestions for improving this process.

Thus, occupies a special place scientific-technical policy in the field of protection of population and territories from natural hazards and manmade. Experience shows that without adequate scientific support, development and attraction of advanced technologies and technical means countering emergency low. Ministries and departments should take engineering measures to improve the safe operation of industrial facilities, transportation, life support systems. They include: improving the quality of design, construction and installation; upgrading of fixed assets; the introduction of energy-, resourcesaving and other advanced technologies; reduction of the amounts of hazardous substances are stored and transported; the establishment of effective systems for process monitoring and diagnosis, trouble-free stopping of the technological processes, containment or suppression emergency; notification of the accident; the formation of highly qualified on-site rescue services and other

Protecting the public from natural and man-made disasters is one of the major applications of scientific and technological achievements. The main directions of research work in this area include: forecasting natural disasters, probabilistic assessment of the possibility of the emergence and development of means of prevention of industrial accidents and disasters, the creation of effective technical solutions and technologies of search, rescue and rehabilitation of victims, the investigation of the possibilities of survival in extreme conditions, replacement of humans by robots in hazardous work.

Key words: government regulation, emergency situations of natural and technogenic safety.

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